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Chaplain of the First Connecticut Regiment ^ 

OCTOBER 19TH, 1762, 







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Committee on Historical 

CHARLES ISHAM. Secretary, 

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prefatory an^ Biodrapbical tiotcs. 

This Journal gives, with the fervid and 
formal religious language of a Connecticut 
Congregational clergyman of the last cen- 
tury, vivid statements of the sufferings of 
the British army, regulars and provincials^ 
at the siege of Havana in 1762. It also 
contains valuable statements of the numbers 
of the British regiments, and the names of 
the Provincial troops, and the names and 
strength of the men-of-war engaged in the 
reduction of that strong [Spanish city; facts 
that are difficult to obtain, except in large 
public libraries. 

The Rev. John Graham, who was born in 
Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1722, and who 
graduated from Yale College in 1 740, was 
of the same name and profession as his 
father. The elder Rev. John Graham, M. A.,, 
received his degree from the University of 
Glasgow. He emigrated to Boston in 1718^ 
and married, first, Abigail, a daughter of 
Dr. Chauncey. At the time of the birth of 
John, junior, he was settled at Exeter, but 
removed later to Stafford, Conn., and was 
subsequently ordained minister over the 


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Church in Woodbury, Conn., where he re- 
mained forty-two years — until his death. 

The son was, in 1746, minister of the 
West Parish of Suffield, then in Massachu- 
setts, but since 1752 in Connecticut, and 
practised medicine, as well as administering 
the affairs of his congregation. 

In 1 76 1 he accompanied the expedition 
against Havana, in the capacity of chaplain 
to the Provincial forces, under General 
Phineas Lyman of Connecticut, an intimate 
friend of the Graham family. The Connec- 
ticut Brigade of twenty-three hundred men 
joined the Regular Troops and other Prov- 
incials at Staten Island, whence the expe- 
dition sailed on the i8th of November, 1761. 
The combined forces, having captured Mar- 
tinique on February 14th, and Havana on 
August 13th, 1762, succumbed to an epi- 
demic of fever, by far the deadliest foe they 
had encountered. The Journal of Graham, 
although fragmentary, gives a vivid picture 
of the sufferings of these victors, and of 
their anxiety to relinquish their conquest. 

The author was not always careful to 
write himself junior, hence there might be 
difficulty in identifying him as the chaplain, 


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since his father had already served with 
Lyman in the operations against Crown 
Point. Allusions, however, in the Journal 
to his children, Love and Narcissus, appear 
to settle this question beyond a doubt. The 
Rev. John Graham, Jr., like his father, was 
twice married, the girl and boy he mentions 
being children by his first wife, Mary 

At the outbreak of the Revolution he 
was an ardent Whig, and so continued to 
the end. He died in 1796. 

Notices of the Grahams may be found in 
Spagu^s' "Annals of the Pulpit," and in 
Dexter's '* Yale Biographies " ; also in 
Cothren's ** History of Ancient Woodbury." 

Many of the manuscripts and letters of 
the family were in the possession of the late 
John Lorrimer Graham, of Flushing, Long 

The Committee are indebted for this 
Havana Journal to the courtesy of the Rev* 
B. F. De Costa, D.D., of this city. 

The progress of the expedition is followed 
in the contemporary issues of Gaine's New 
York Mercury. 

New York, Dec. 16, 1895. 

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journal of the 1?cv* 3obn (Brabam^ 

Saturday, Sept. 25, 1762.— A pleasant morning, nothing ex- 
traordinary happened the last Night — ^but Sable night in 
gloomy Majesty sat upon the Camp, a Season, when 
men used to labour and fatague in ye day retire from 
Labour to recline their weary Limbs, and refresh them- 
selves with rest. . . . But in Camp how wide the differ- 
ence, the Season true, invites to Rest but alas the heavy 
murmurs that humme among the Tents, and bursting 
groans from throbing hearts Seized with panick, horror 
and Surprise because febrile flame kindles upon their 
vitals, or Tyrant pain, Tyger like preys upon their Bones 
or as a harpy Devours their entrails, forbids repose— nor 
Sooner did I deposite my weary Limbs in Bed and em- 
brace the delectable pillow, but groan echoes to groan, 
and Sigh rises upon Sigh not unlike the waves and 
billows of a Raging Sea. . . . Thus with our Melan- 
choUy Camp a fatal desease enters tent after Tent, and 
with irresistable force strikes hands with soldier after 
Soldier, and with hostile violence Seizes the brave, the 
bold, the hearty and the Strong, no force of arms, no 
Strength of Limbs, no Solemn vows, no piteous moans, 
no heartrending Groans, no vertue in means, no Skill of 
Physicians can free from the Tyrant hand, but death 
cruel death that stands Just behind, draws the Curtain, 
Shews himself to the unhappy prisoner, and with peirc- 
ing Sound Cried thou art, and at once throws his fatal 
dart, and^fast binds them in Iron Chains— or Some dis- 
ease in a Milder way Salutes them, and more gently 
treats them, but by Sure and certain Steps flatters them 
along by Slow degrees till they are introduced into the 
hands of unrelenting death. . . . Others roll from 
Side to Side, and turn into every posture to find ease 
from pain that wrack their Tortured limbs — others that 
are yet untouch'd with diseases Called from their rest 


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to help the distressed; hearken and likly you'l hear 
them as they pass along, return oaths for groans and 
Curses for Sighs harribU to hear! Thus death in 
Camp reigns and has Tryumphed over Scores already, 
and diseases has hundreds fast bound as prisoners — ^and 
how few alas how few are prisoners of Hope. 

But are Soldiers the only persons attacked or exposed ? 
Vertlly no, where are the Capts. the Lt. and Ensign 
that lately appeared and adorned our Camp, now Suc- 
cepded by others in the Same Command ; are they not 
becom victims to Death, and Now held prisoners in the 
Grave on this Barbarous land, their deposited with 
many of their bold Soldiers till 'the last trumpit shall 
wake the Sleeping dead. . . . Buthearkmithinklhear 
a different voice, uttering heavy Groans where is it? 
Surely its in the next Tent, O the officers of the field, 
Certainly no defference paid to Rank— The 2d in Com- 
mand in the Regiment is Seized with Cold Chills that 
pass through every part, throws all nature into violent 
agitation and Shakes the whole frame ; a febrile flame 
Succeeds, this alternate, till his vigorous and active 
limbs becomes feeble, and his ruddy Countenance, put 
on a pale and Languide hue — ^yet he lives. . . . Thus 
night after night are we accosted with the cries and 
Groan of the Sick and dying. 

Lamentations, Mourning and Woe in all most every 
Tent ; and what hearts so hard ? Who so past all Sen- 
sation, thats invested with any Degree of humanity, as 
not to feel a Sympathetic Smart. . . . 

Sabbath Day, Sept. 26, 1762.— This the day by divine 
appointment Sanctified and set apart to divine Use and 
Service ; that we in the Dicalogue are Commanded to 
Remember and keep holy. . . . 

No occurances uncommon in Camp this Day — ^no 
publick Services. 

Monday, Sept. 27, 1762. — The affairs in Camp are as usual 
— ^a Rumour prevails, that the Troops are to Embark in 
a few days. 

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An account of the Troops that Served in the Siege of 
the Havanah: 

4. Independt Companies. 

2. Companies Gorham 

1st Connccticutt Regment, 
6. Companies New York. 

2. Do. New Jersey. 

3. Do. Rho Island. 

Regular Troops. 

1st, 4th, 8th, 9th, 15th, 17, 
22,27.28,34,35,40. 5th. 42. 
2d. 42, 43, 46. 48. 49. 56. 
58, 60. 65, 72, 73. n^ 90. 

5300 Negroes from Jamaica, Barbados and the Wind- 
ward Islands. 

Navy — 17 Ships of the Line, 23 Frigates. 

Tuesday, Sept. 28, 1762.— The last night as well as 
the preceding day, Sultry Hott, had but little rest— my 
Ears constantly acosted with the groans and outcrys of 
the Sick and distressed: that the Camp is no other than 
a constant Scene of Woe, and misery opened, where the 
actors are a Collect Society of the most unhappy and 
unfortunate, forlornly wreched — Cast upon some Bar- 
barous Land, among a Savage kind that know no pity, 
but there tender Mercies are Cruelty— where they are 
Smitten by the Sun by day, and the Sickly moon by 
night that in ye day the drought consume them, and 
HurtfuU damps by night—nor releafe can be aforded, 
there pitying friends that stand around with pained 
hearts, can only tell them necessary Comforts and means 
are not to be had — what a word is this to be Sounded 
in Ears of those ready to die. 

But turn my thots, and who are these — behold a 
Number, Straggling along the road — awfuU, how they 
look ? what appearance do they make ? not unlike walk- 
ing ghost. Just come from the Shades— but viewing 
more narrowly find them to be men. Crawled out of 
their Tent, wasted with Sickness: their flesh all con- 
sumed, there bones looking thro the Skin, a Mangieand 
pale Countenance, Eyes almost Sunk into there heads, 
with a dead and downcast look — hands weak, knees 
feeble. Joints Trembling— leaning upon Staves like men 
bowed and over loaded with old age, and as they Slowly 


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move along Stagger and Reel, like drunken men — pity- 
full objects. Passing by these, there lyes one faPen 
down thro weakness by the wayside, there another, and 
another, yea Sundry more, in the Same Condition, unable 
to help themselves — there two or three fainted away — 
others crawling, according to their strength, not unlike 
the Snail in motion, with a little water to reveive them, 
as the best Cordial that can be produced. There sets a 
Number that walked a few rods and there strength is 
exhausted and are seated on the ground to recruit, that 
they may return to there Tents. Younder goes four of 
the stouter Sort lugging their Capt. that stept a little 
from his tent, fainted away. Back to his Tent again. 
There goes one. Supported by one under each Arm — 
goes did I say? rather he is in this manner Carried, for 
scare has he power to Set one foot before the other, nor 
can his feeble trembling knees one half support his 
frame, tho but a Shadow. There another and another 
in like manner convey along from one tent to another. 
Just behind is brot along another in his Blanket strung 
upon two poles— Carried by four. Just by. Six Soldiers 
take up there Captain upon their Shoulders as he lies 
pale and helpless in his bed, his bedstead serves as a 
Byer, and his Curtains waving in the wind, as a pawl, 
in this manner conveyed from his Tent in Camp to a 
Neighbouring Room, if possible to prevent the extinc- 
tion of the remaining Sparks of Life. There is one, 
two, three Graves open'd, here they come with as many 
Corps, there blankets both there winding sheet and 
Coffins; scarce have they finished the interment of these, 
but a messenger comes in hast to tell them they must 
open a grave or two more, for Such a one is dead, and 
another is dying. 

Some there rage and fury seems to be turn'd against 
God himself — and will gnaw their tongues for Anguish 
and pain, and blaspheme the God of heaven, because of 
their pain and distress, and repent not of their deeds— 
yea Curse their King and God, looking upward— at a 
little distance another lies, not a murmur heard from 
his Mouth, but seems to be thankful! for everything he 
Receives, and thinks every favor to be more than he 


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deserves ; another a little revived feels Some appitite or 
food, and he complains he shall be Starved to death — 
another without Compliment lays hold of anything that 
comes in his way, and with his Teeth soon puts a period 
to life, another groans under a Load of Sickness, and 
is ready to Curse the day that he engaged in the Service, 
Calling himself fool, madman and worse than dis- 
tracted, for coming to this place ; but still rang along 
the Tents, here a Number recruited Somewhat — and 
there Cry is home, home, when shall we go aboard ; 
when shall we go home : O if I was once at home I 
should Soon be well : O Crys one we haven't received 
our price money: no Says, another and never shall; 
another makes answere that he dont care nothing about 
the price money if I cou'd but once get away from this 
Cursed place for we shall all die if we don't go Soon — 
and if I cou'd but once get from henc they shall never 
catch me here again : But whats here ? its one of the 
Tenders drunk, anoy'n Swearing at him— thus in differ- 
ent posture under different Circumstances and of differ- 
ent temper and disposition they are — and what a Mal- 
anchoUy, Gloomy and afflictive Scene is this? How 
horrible to behold ?— but retire my thots, and give o'er 
thy Rove. 

About 5 o'clock waited on Gen'l Lyman at his Room 
in the Sheperd Battery with Capt, Enos inform'd that a 
Subaltern's part of the price money now to be divided, 
was £126 Sterling. A pleasant moon Shine Evening, 
about 12 at night a Smart Shower of rain. 

Wednesday, Sept. 29, 1762.— Had but little rest. Sleep 
seem'd entirely to depart from my Eyes, and Slumber 
from my Eye Leds. Filt not so Current as usual when 
I arose — afterwards more Comfortable, but felt the want 
of rest. 

Thursday, Sept. 30, 1762.— The Commanding officers of 
every Core, dined with his Lordship, who informed that 
we should Sail in a few days and also that in one 
Spanish Ship Sunk in the harbour, had in her 260,000 


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dollors — nothing but the distresses of Sick and dying to 
be heard in Camp. This Evening about lo o'Clock Dr. 
Hubbard died. 

The Learned Phiscian, endowed with Skill armed 
with medicine, came to be an Instrument to rescue 
others from the Jaws of death — but bafHed in his Skill, 
himself attackt. falls a prey to voratious death Nor 
means, nor Skill, nor Recipies nor forms Could the fine 
Surgeon Save — ^but yields to death, and's hide within the 

Friday, Oct. i, 1762. — This day my daughter Love is nine 
years of age — ^times still gloomy and melancholly in 
Camp dying 7, 8 and 9 in the Compass of 24 hours Lord 
let not thine anger consume us. 

Saturday, Oct. 2, 1762.— All the forepart of the day, very 
hott, and Sultry about 3 o* Clock p.m., the hea ens Cov- 
ered with Blackness, indicated heavy Thunder and rain, 
the Clouds seem'd to break and scatter and but a 
Sprinkle of rain — then Collected again, and by some 
distant heavy Thunder were broken and scattered again — 
again Collected, and a Soaking heavy rain enSued. last 
till about Sundown, when it ceased raining, but the 
Clouds not cleared of about i before 7 o'Clock the rain 
came on again — a heavy rain till past Eight when it 
cleared of, and the Queen of Night in Silver brightness 
Shone : the heavens calm, and Air Serene and Clear. 

two heavy Showers in the night— 4 Vessels arrived in 
the harbour from the american Coasts. 

The whole Number died out Gen'l. Lymans Regi- 
ment Since we Left New York, which then Cosisted of 
9i4~to this day, is 184. 

Viz — 2 Captains. 
I Lieutenant. 
I Ensign. 
I Surgeon's Mate. 
5 Sergeants. 
I Drummer. 
173 Privates. 

Total, 184 


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Sabbath Day, Oct. 3, 1762.— Tho this day is by divine 
appointment is Set apart as holy, and consecrated to 
holy uses yet in Camp, among the Troops, is set aside as 
common, and not so much as the least visible Shew or 
appearance of anything yet is religious carried on ; but 
God and religion Christ and Salvation are disregarded' 
contemn'd and dispiced, and we live as tho there was 
no God, no future Judgement, but as if we had given and 
preserved, life to ourselves, and consequently were never 
to be accountable to any others how we lived, or Spent 
our days. 

I asked Col. Putnam in ye Morning what there was to 
hinder publick Service— he answered, he knew nothing in 
the world to hinder it— I askt him if it was not duty if 
there was nothing to hinder — Yes, answered he, by all 
means, and I wonder in my Soul why we dont have 
Service; and add'd we could have prayers night and 
morning Just as well as not — but then says he, there'l 
be but few to attend, theres so many Sick, and so many 
to attend the sick that there cou*d be a Great many, I 
replied — ^we had this to encourage us, where two or 
three are met together in my Name, Says God, there am 
I in the midst of them to bless them ; so that it was not 
numbers that entitled to the blessing — thats true Says 
he, I will go down to the General and Speak to him 
about it, bides good by — have heard no more of it Sinse. 

Spent the day in retirement, afiFairs in Camp as usual. 

Monday, Oct. 4, 1762. — A pleasant morning— a pleasant 
Breeze all the forepart of the Day — ^went down to the 
waterside to See Mr. Bancroft, but he was gone, and re- 
turned fatagued— in the afterpart of the day visited part 
of the hospital Tents. 

Tuesday, Oct. 5, 1762.— Had comfortable rest last night, 
and much refreshed this morning— Some unpleasant 
Salutations— visited the officers Sick in Camp, and the 
Soldiers in Some part of the Hospital Tents ; and what 
sad Specticles are they, many of them ; a Bony Frame 
covered with a little Skin, meer skellitans. 


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Wednesday, Oct. 6, 1762,— Nothing more than Common 
Unless, that the men dont fall Sick anything so fast— 
nor do the Sick die so fast — ^and more comfortable pros- 
pect of the Recovery of many that have been brought 
low— visited Gen'l. Lyman, and all the officers sick in 
Camp— the rest of the day Spent in reading. 

Thursday, Oct. 7, 1762.— This Morning Col. Putnam and 
Lt. Park went of into ye Country to buy fresh provisions. 
Such as poultry, etc.— in the afterpart of ye day visited 
part of the hospital Tents. 

Friday, Oct. 8, 1762. — A pleasant Morning— the day thro 
a Comfortable Breeze— the fore part of the day visited all 
the officers sick in Camp two Ships of war came into 
the Harbour and one Cat Ship. 
Nothing extraordinary in Camp happened this day. 

Saturday, Oct. 9, 1762. — Much labour of mind to waste 
away the time with most, impatient for the arrival of 
that day and hour when they shall embark for Home, 
and Q'ossing the foaming Seas, shall reach their native 
Shores, and with wraptured hearts, o'er come with Joy, 
Salute, embrace, and fall into the Arms, of their long 
wished for, wishing, lovely, loving friends. 

The No. of dead out of Gen'l. Lymans Regment, 
207. Nothing Remarkable in Camp. 

Sabbath Day, Oct. 10, 1762.— This Day has been observed 
as Usual in Camp a total neglect of all religious Ser- 
vices, as to any visible appearances in General. 

Orders from Head Quarters. That the provincials 
hold themselves in readiness to embark about the 20th 
of this Instant. 

Long looked for, long expected, much desired to know 
the fixed time. 

Monday, Oct. 11, 1762, — ^This morning 3 Ships of the Line 
fell down out of the Harbour, under the Command of 


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Commodore Kipple, who Saluted Admiral Pocock with 
17 Camion, the Admiral retum'd 15 — one of the 3, a 70 
Gun Ship, unhappily went foul of one of ye Sunk Ships 
in the mouth of the Harbour, and Stuck fast till 3 o'Clock 
P.M. when She cleared the Ship^Tis said that the 
Ships are design for Jamacai. 

A.M., Visited all the sick officers in the Regiment that 
are in Camp, then visited Gen'l. Lyman, p.m. visited 
a considerable part of the hospital Tents — at my return 
found Col. Putnam and Lt. Parks returned from the 
Country, Lt. Parks Sick— at Evening had the JoyfuU 
news of the prosperous Season in New England and the 
Smiles of divine providence upon the labours of the field : 
that they have plentifuU Crops, the News bro't in by a 
vessel last from New London — ^that arrived this afternoon 
in the harbour. 

Tuesday, Oct. 12, 1762.— A heavy rain towards morning — 
a pleasant morning and fine Air. 

A.M. visited officers in Camp. Sick — ^all seem to be 
upon the recruit. This morning 3 Ships of the Line 
more fell down out of the Harbour, to Join Commodore 
Kepple, who are to Cruize along to the Northward if 
possible to come across a french fleet that is reported to 
be out— and then go to Jamaica. Two frigates Jolnd 
them that lay at the mouth of the Harbour. Towards 
night, the heavens were cover'd with blackness, and a 
heavy rain came on, Severe lightning and heavy Thun- 
der, held till 8 o'Clock the heavyest rain we have ever 
known upon the Land. 

Wednesday, Oct. 13, 1762. — This Morning another Ship 
of the line went out to Join the above mentioned Ships 
upon their Cruize— a little before 4 o*Clock P.M. the rain 
came on again— continued till late in the Night. 

Thursday, Oct. 14, 1762.— About 2 o'Clock this morning 
Ephraim Parks, one of our Family died, a rainy night 
this morning fair and pleasant— in the afternoon very 
strong wind— at night heavy rain. 


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Friday, Oct. 15, 1762.— A very heavy Rain all the latter 
part of the night and in the morning, little after sun rise 
Cleared of — a pleasant fore noon — ^this day my youngst 
Son Narcissus is a year old. a.m. visited the sick offi- 
cers in Camp. p.m. Orders from head quarters. 6 
Transports appointed for the Connecticutt Troops to 
Carry them to N York, who are ordered to imbark Next 
Tuesday — ^good news to the Troops. 

Saturday, Oct. 16, 1762. — A pleasant and comfortable 
Morning, for this Country that has proved so fatal to so 
many of our Troops. Visited the officers sick in Camp — 
this day a distrabution of the troops among the trans- 
ports, and am order'd aboard the Royal Duke, a large 
Transport Ship of about 500 tuns. 

Sabbath Day, Oct. 17, 1762.— All in a hurry making prep- 
arations for the Embercation and laying Stores for the 
Voige to New York— tho' the day is the Lord's, by a 
special appropriation —yet nothing of religious service ob- 
served, or anything besides the present important affair 
of providing each one for himself without an relation to 
another, and as tho* there was no being to be depen- 
dant upon but each upon himself. 

Visited the sick officers in Camp— by Yesterday re- 
turn — died the last Week 19 

Dead before 207 

In Gen'l. Lyman Regd. Total 226 

Monday, Oct. 18, 1762.— The Camp all in a Tumult, in 
a hurfy embarking the Sick and laying stores for voyage 
one nimning one way another hastning another in a 
hurry doing but little — about 4 o'clock p.m. embarked 
on board the Royal Duke, a fine large ship and noble 
Conveniences for Officers and Soldiers — the main body 
of the Connecticutt Troops embarque'd this Day on 
board the transports appointed for them. 

Tuesday, Oct. 19, 1762.— This day Gen'l. Lyman Reed 
of the Pay Master Gen'l. the prize money for Connecti- 


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cutt Troops — and pay'd to the several Capts. of our 
Regm't a propotion for themselves and Soldiers. Still 
lye in harbour. 

Wednesday, Oct, 20, 1762.— Wdgh'd anchor and fell 
down to the mouth of the harbour, a.m. went on board 
the Resolution and Rec'd the adjutant. 100 Dollars and 

Thursday, Oct. 21, 1762.— Just at night going out of 
the harbour narrowly escaped running on the Rocks — 
the Ship struck once, but a wind Sprung up, and carried 
us Clear — ^stood of to Sea all night 

Friday, Oct. 22, 1762.— Returned Back to find the fleet. 
Join*d the fleet toward night, when the Capts. of Trans- 
ports Rec'd there orders from the Commadore. Was 
very ill all day. 

Saturday, Oct. 23, 1762.— More comfortable this Morn- 
ing, continued on Course towards the metazes. 

Sabbath Day, Oct. 24, i762.~Had a very ill day unable 
to move, thick broke out all over — a pleasant day. 

Monday, Oct. 25, 1762.— the last night towards the latter 
part strong gust of wind— Continued all day — more 
comfortable to day but not able to sett up much. 

Taken out of the money Reed of Dollars 3, Bitts 5. 



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